The city is most famous for being the capital of the papacy for almost the whole 14th century. However, not many are aware of the fact that Avignon was the actual papal property up until the French Revolution.
It's worth mentioning that quite a few sights in Avignon France are listed by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. Don't miss them while visiting! Among them are:
Palais de Papes is considered to be one of the largest and the most important Gothic buildings in Europe. This exact place was the seat of Western Christianity in the 14th century when Avignon was the capital of Christendom.
Pont d'Avignon (or Pont Saint-Benezet), originally built in the 12th century, later ruined and rebuilt few times. Unfortunately, only four out of the initial 22 arches survived the catastrophic flood in 1669.
Cathédrale Notre-Dame des Doms d'Avignon (Avignon Cathedral) built in the 12th century is a classic example of Romanesque architecture. The cathedral survived through tough times, but eventually was restored, reconsecrated, and in 1995 was recognized as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
From the cultural point of view, the city is famous for the Festival d'Avignon, which was first introduced in 1947 as a small event and by now grew into a huge international event and a platform for both already famous and young artist in each field. Being held in July, the festival attracts more than 150,000 visitors every year.